Clean Streets and Roads: Strategies to Deal with Littering

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Farooq Virk
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Clean Streets and Roads: Strategies to Deal with Littering

#1

Post by Farooq Virk » Sat Apr 27, 2019 2:43 pm

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Introduction
Littering is an international phenomenon and Pakistan is no exception of it. However, to cope with litterer vary among different countries like Singapore, Hong Kong and Vienna. These variation ranges from public awareness to severe penalties. Littering is improper throw of waste garbage or it can be defined as improper disposal of small things. It ranges from sweet wrappers, cigarette butt to polythene bags, food wrappers, and drinks items. It has several effects on humans, animals and plants life as well. According to (Raffoul et al. 2006) that littering not only pollutes surface but it also causes of severe diseases like leptospirosis and dengue. Further, it makes environment filthy and unpleasant. The focus of this study is how to make roads and streets clean in Pakistan. At initial level awareness should be given to people about the effects of littering, dust bin should be placed after few distance, and finally heavy penalty should be imposed on litter offender.

Argument 1: Dust bin should be placed on road sides to keep roads clean

Evidence 1: The Government of Victoria has law which illustrates in (Section 603) under “Road Safety Regulations, 1999” that it is mandatory for every person not to throw any object outside roads. He/she must place any kind of waste material like plastic bottles, piece of paper and polythene bags in dust bin (Vic Roads 2011).

Evidence 2: Similarly, on 1 February 2008 the Vienna Street Act was enacted. According to this Act, there will be “WasteWatchers” in the city who have authority to punish those persons who dump garbage in an unauthorized place. After enactment of this law 30 wastewatcher were given the responsibility to keep an eye in the Vienna city (Street Cleaning in Vienna 2010).

Evidence 3: National Environment Agency (2011) in Singapore has paced 6,000 waste bins in Singapore city to clean city streets. These litter bins are at a distance of 5-25 meters. Moreover, these litter bins are regularly reviewed to enhance their maximum usage.

Argument 2: Heavy penalties should be imposed on littering (dump garbage in an unauthorized place)

Evidence 1: Government of Singapore imposed fine $300 on minor litter offender like cigarette butts, sweet wrappers, and parking coupon tabs for first time. While, repeat offenders and those who toss heavy items like polythene bags, plastic bottles, and food wrappers are sent to court and penalized with Correct Work Order and fine of less than $1000 (National Environment Agency 2011).

Evidence 2: In Hong Kong, litter preparators are identified from the DNA of dump garbage and once the person is identified his/her face is displaced on the walls for deterrence (Daily Mail 2015).

Argument 3: Awareness should be spread among public regarding road cleanliness

Evidence 1: Singapore has initiated strategy to educate people against proper dump of garbage. According to this strategy awareness encompasses not only educational institutions including school, college and universities but also public places (National Environment Agency 2011).

Conclusions
Roads and streets in Pakistan can be cleaned by adopting different strategies. These strategies include placing litter bin on roadside, litter offenders should be penalized with heavy fines and through spreading awareness among people regarding hazardous effect of it.

Reference
Daily Mail., 2015, Litterbugs are shamed on electronic billboards after their faces are recreated using DNA taken from cigarette butts – and even a condom – discarded on the streets of Hong Kong, viewed 10 November 2015, from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/peoples ... bbish.html.
National Environment Agency., 2011, Towards a cleaner Singapore, Singapore.
National Environment Agency., 2014, Fact sheet on Enhancing Public Cleanliness, viewed 24 November 2015, from http://www.nea.gov.sg/docs/default-sour ... liness.pdf.
Raffoul, L., R. Mahon, and R. Goodridge (2006) Roadside Litter in Barbados: Sources and Solutions.
Vic Road. 2011. Codes of Practice for the Placement of Waste Bins on Roadsides
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muhammad.arif
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#2

Post by muhammad.arif » Mon Apr 29, 2019 3:50 pm

Overall it is good attempt to highlight hot issue of clean environment in pakistan. Introduction of the topic is provided with proper definition, purpose and literature but
Introduction seems lack of sequence. it seems generic rather to specific area. it does not set boundries either littering causes health related issues or environmental degradation.
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#3

Post by aftab.chaudhry » Sat May 04, 2019 9:56 am

Littering is an international phenomenon and Pakistan is no exception of it. However, to cope with litterer vary among different countries like Singapore, Hong Kong and Vienna. These variation ranges from public awareness to severe penalties. Littering is improper throw of waste garbage or it can be defined as improper disposal of small things. It ranges from sweet wrappers, cigarette butt to polythene bags, food wrappers, and drinks items. It has several effects on humans, animals and plants life as well. According to (Raffoul et al. 2006) that littering not only pollutes surface but it also causes of severe diseases like leptospirosis and dengue. Further, it makes environment filthy and unpleasant. The focus of this study is how to make roads and streets clean in Pakistan. At initial level awareness should be given to people about the effects of littering, dust bin should be placed after few distance, and finally heavy penalty should be imposed on litter offender.


Very nice effort Farooq;

i want to mention few things here. [litterer vary among different countries like Singapore, Hong Kong and Vienna] a reference is needed at this point because you are giving an international scenario. You defined well key terms. i think this sentence is much generic here rather you mentioned any particular issue with figures [It has several effects on humans, animals and plants life as well]. Do you think penalty will be the only solution.
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#4

Post by Farah P.hd » Sun May 05, 2019 6:46 pm

you are a good writer but I have some suggestions for the betterment of your outline..
why you are mentioned specific countries like Singapore, Hongkong and Vienna.. plz elaborate the reason..
you have started to give suggestions in very first paragraph.. instead of problematize the scenario by raising an appropriate question which will be answer in the conclusion.. state clearly what you are trying to achieve..
restructuring of the arguments is required.. awareness should be followed by the practices..
conclusion is incorrect.. instead of giving only suggestions, you should conclude the topic..
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Hifza Irfan
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#5

Post by Hifza Irfan » Thu May 09, 2019 11:30 am

Farooq Virk wrote:
Sat Apr 27, 2019 2:43 pm
Introduction
Littering is an international phenomenon and Pakistan is no exception of it. However, to cope with litterer vary among different countries like Singapore, Hong Kong and Vienna. These variation ranges from public awareness to severe penalties. Littering is improper throw of waste garbage or it can be defined as improper disposal of small things. It ranges from sweet wrappers, cigarette butt to polythene bags, food wrappers, and drinks items. It has several effects on humans, animals and plants life as well. According to (Raffoul et al. 2006) that littering not only pollutes surface but it also causes of severe diseases like leptospirosis and dengue. Further, it makes environment filthy and unpleasant. The focus of this study is how to make roads and streets clean in Pakistan. At initial level awareness should be given to people about the effects of littering, dust bin should be placed after few distance, and finally heavy penalty should be imposed on litter offender.

Argument 1: Dust bin should be placed on road sides to keep roads clean

Evidence 1: The Government of Victoria has law which illustrates in (Section 603) under “Road Safety Regulations, 1999” that it is mandatory for every person not to throw any object outside roads. He/she must place any kind of waste material like plastic bottles, piece of paper and polythene bags in dust bin (Vic Roads 2011).

Evidence 2: Similarly, on 1 February 2008 the Vienna Street Act was enacted. According to this Act, there will be “WasteWatchers” in the city who have authority to punish those persons who dump garbage in an unauthorized place. After enactment of this law 30 wastewatcher were given the responsibility to keep an eye in the Vienna city (Street Cleaning in Vienna 2010).

Evidence 3: National Environment Agency (2011) in Singapore has paced 6,000 waste bins in Singapore city to clean city streets. These litter bins are at a distance of 5-25 meters. Moreover, these litter bins are regularly reviewed to enhance their maximum usage.

Argument 2: Heavy penalties should be imposed on littering (dump garbage in an unauthorized place)

Evidence 1: Government of Singapore imposed fine $300 on minor litter offender like cigarette butts, sweet wrappers, and parking coupon tabs for first time. While, repeat offenders and those who toss heavy items like polythene bags, plastic bottles, and food wrappers are sent to court and penalized with Correct Work Order and fine of less than $1000 (National Environment Agency 2011).

Evidence 2: In Hong Kong, litter preparators are identified from the DNA of dump garbage and once the person is identified his/her face is displaced on the walls for deterrence (Daily Mail 2015).

Argument 3: Awareness should be spread among public regarding road cleanliness

Evidence 1: Singapore has initiated strategy to educate people against proper dump of garbage. According to this strategy awareness encompasses not only educational institutions including school, college and universities but also public places (National Environment Agency 2011).

Conclusions
Roads and streets in Pakistan can be cleaned by adopting different strategies. These strategies include placing litter bin on roadside, litter offenders should be penalized with heavy fines and through spreading awareness among people regarding hazardous effect of it.

Reference
Daily Mail., 2015, Litterbugs are shamed on electronic billboards after their faces are recreated using DNA taken from cigarette butts – and even a condom – discarded on the streets of Hong Kong, viewed 10 November 2015, from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/peoples ... bbish.html.
National Environment Agency., 2011, Towards a cleaner Singapore, Singapore.
National Environment Agency., 2014, Fact sheet on Enhancing Public Cleanliness, viewed 24 November 2015, from http://www.nea.gov.sg/docs/default-sour ... liness.pdf.
Raffoul, L., R. Mahon, and R. Goodridge (2006) Roadside Litter in Barbados: Sources and Solutions.
Vic Road. 2011. Codes of Practice for the Placement of Waste Bins on Roadsides
This is good effort but i just want to pit few suggestions:
1. Opening sentence is not appealing, Littering is a issue or behavior. so, you need to introduce this concept first relating with history.
2. Author is quite focused on fundamental diseases in result of pollution.
3. there are multiple claims and arguments while explaining the issue and its identification but without any supporting evidence.
4. when author provides argument and evidences for support, there is a problem of sequence and coherence.
5. Conclusion is precise in terms of not conveying the proper message or not even responding the particular question or claim that author raised in start.
good attempt
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kanwal shahzadi
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#6

Post by kanwal shahzadi » Sun May 19, 2019 10:37 pm

The author followed the given criteria for writing but failed in making a link between the paragraphs. There is a Lack of consistency... And the concluding paragraphs are not defining the conclusion of the topic but only suggestions are given in conclusion...
word count: 42



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